Life Planning for Adolescents and Youths (LPAY)

LIFE PLANNING FOR ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTHS

Formative Research and Literature Reviews on Youth & Adolescent Programming

Globally, many sexually active youths and adolescents want to avoid or limit pregnancy, while many others would want to wait before getting pregnant. These group of young persons may not know where to get contraceptives or may not be able to afford services, yet even when there is easy access, uptake may be difficult because of the stigma of their status as ‘not married’ and their inability to make decisions about their reproductive health. The effects of not being able to use, use incorrectly or discontinue use has such diverse consequence to the health and well-being of the young person.

The Importance of Family Planning for Adolescents (ages 15 – 24) and unmet need for contraception is greater among the unmarried adolescents than those who are married. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that 16 million adolescents aged 15-19 give birth each year, mostly in low and middle-income countries. Many are intended while others are mistimed; 23 million adolescents would like to use contraception but are not. Early, mistimed pregnancy may result in maternal morbidities and mortality, and social consequences that limit the potential of young women.

In the words of the former UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon “adolescents are central to everything we want to achieve”, if we are to reach FP2020 goal of meeting the contraceptive needs of 120 million women and girls in 69 countries. There is an urgent need to beam the spotlight on the contraceptive needs and rights of youth and adolescents.

In Nigeria, teenage or adolescent pregnancy among girls aged 15-19 years constitutes a considerable health risk resulting in high maternal deaths and morbidities. ‘The social consequences of teenage pregnancy are immense and often results in the curtailing of educational opportunities for such girls. Evidence from NDHS 2003, 2008 and 2013 indicates that Adolescents Birth Rate is over 120 live births per 1000 women aged 15 – 19 years. In Nigeria about one in every five young women aged 20-24 years already debuted sex by age 15 and 23% already had a birth or reported pregnant based on the 2013 NDHS.


Drawing from its experiences in NURHI Phase 1 and the diffusion of some of its programs on youths and adolescents, NURHI 2 will be focusing on increasing demand for family planning knowledge and services among the Adolescents and Youths, in each of its thematic areas - supportive environment, quality of service, expanding access, and demand generation to ensure positive outcomes for young people though effective programs to increase adolescent contraceptive use.


For further information on Formative research carried out on Youth and Adolescent Programming by NURHI 2, kindly see the links below.

Kaduna Netmapping Report

Lagos Netmapping Report

Oyo Netmapping Report


Report on the study tour for kaduna State

Report on the Study tour for Lagos State

Report on the study tour for Oyo State


Literature reviews on youth and adolescent programming

NURHI Phase 1 (2009 – 2015)

Phase 1 of NURHI was implemented in sex cities(Federal Capital Territory, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, Benin and Zaria).It significantly contributed to increasing the contraceptive prevalence rate in these cities as indicated by the 2013 National Demographic Health Survey.

NURHI Phase 1 (2009 – 2015)

Phase 1 of NURHI was implemented in sex cities(Federal Capital Territory, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, Benin and Zaria).It significantly contributed to increasing the contraceptive prevalence rate in these cities as indicated by the 2013 National Demographic Health Survey.